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Published on November 12th, 2014 | by Allan Brown

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Interstellar Explained

 

Are you – like many – still trying to make sense of Christopher Nolan’s mind bending, time vaulting, interplanetary, space odyssey? If so, then fear not, as myself along with Screen Rant, have taken the time to breakdown and decipher some of those head scratching themes, moments, ideas and of course, that ending.

This following has Major Spoilers so if you are yet to see the film, avoid reading any further. You have been warned.

Manns planet Interstellar, movie-review-world

 

Plan A & Plan B Explained

Early on in the film we learn that the US government has secretly been funding a NASA project to find humankind a new home – since Earth is being ravaged by the airborne disease known as ‘The Blight’ that turns crop to dust (and can no longer sustain agriculture). Cooper questions how NASA intends to find a planet capable of sustaining human life since humanity is already living on borrowed time, and transport to the nearest galaxy alone would take decades. Professor Brand (Michael Caine) then reveals that a wormhole has presented itself near Saturn in the last 50 years. Coop, questions that wormholes are not a natural occurrence and Brand interjects to confirm an unknown civilization, which he refers to as “They” have strategically created a wormhole near Saturn – a wormhole that can serve as a shortcut to a distant region of space.

As explained by Romilly (David Gyasi) in his impromptu paper hole example, our understanding of distance is based in three-dimensions – whereas theoretical physics suggests that space is a place of multi-dimensional interplay.

For that reason, the wormhole essentially functions as a bridge connecting two points in space by taking advantage of imperceptible fourth dimensional space. By the time that Cooper reunites with Prof. Brand, NASA has already sent thirteen astronauts through the wormhole – each one on a mission to determine whether nearby planets (on the other side of the wormhole) can sustain human life.

Upon arrival at their planet, each of the astronauts was tasked with setting up a beacon – indicating that their planet was a candidate for human colonization. NASA cannot communicate directly with the astronauts, but has been able to track their beacons for nearly a decade – of which only three remain active.

As a result, it is up to Cooper and the rest of the Endurance crew to uncover the fate of the other three astronauts – and collect any subsequent data that can be used to make an informed decision regarding which planet provides the best hope for humanity.

coop on the endurance in interstellar, movie-review-world

Should the Endurance team find a habitable planet, Brand claims that NASA has two plans for humanity’s survival:

Plan A: While the Endurance team are away, Brand will continue to work on an advanced equation that, if solved, will allow humans to harness fifth-dimensional physics – specifically gravity. Should Brand succeed, NASA will be able to defy our traditional understanding of physics and launch an enormous space station (carrying the remainder of Earth’s surviving population) into space. The very facility that Cooper and Murph stumble upon at the beginning of the film isn’t just a NASA research station – it’s a construction site for humankind’s space-travelling ark.

Plan B: Should Brand fail in his calculation and/or the Endurance take too much time investigating potential habbital planets, NASA has harvested a bank of fertilized human embryos that can be used to ensure humanity’s survival – after everyone on Earth is wiped out. To ensure genetic diversity, NASA procured DNA from a wide range of sources – so that future generations would not be limited to reproduction between Endurance crew members. In this scenario, the Endurance team would settle down on the most habitable planet and raise the first generation of embryos – with each subsequent generation helping to raise a new set of embryos (as well as reproduce naturally).

Later we learn that Professor Brand never believed that Plan A was possible – stating that he solved the equation years back, but it would not save them. He only championed the idea in order to rally Earth leaders into working together – and building the necessary infrastructure to ensure that, unknown to anyone but him, Plan B would be a success. Brand reasoned that people would not have cooperated just to save humanity – they needed to believe that working together could lead to their own personal salvation.

Upon learning that Plan A was a farce, Cooper and Amelia Brand (Anne Hathaway) commit to Plan B on their third (and final) planetary option – where Amelia’s astronaut lover, Wolf Edmonds, was still reporting a positive beacon. Yet, Cooper remains unconvinced that Plan A is impossible and, as they use a nearby super black hole they name Gargantua to slingshot Endurance toward Edmonds’ planet, Cooper sends TARS (the crew’s robot helper) into the centre of Gargantua – in the hopes that it can translate data that might help NASA refine any missteps in Professor Brand’s calculations.

Cooper also sacrifices himself to reduce weight on the Endurance, ensuring that Amelia can make it to Edmonds’ planet and enact Plan B should TARS fail. However, instead of dying alone in space, Cooper is pulled inside The Tesseract – the gravitational singularity that is inside Gargantua – created by the previously mentioned “They”.

tars-interstellar, movie-review-world

 

‘They’ Explained

Cooper and the other NASA scientists assume “They” are an advanced extra-terrestrial race who have unlocked the mysteries of dimensional manipulation – and, for some unknown reason, decided to aid mankind in escaping our doomed planet. The NASA team believes that the beings may be unable (or unwilling) to communicate directly with humans – specifically that “They” are fifth-dimensional, having transcended our three-dimensional ways of understanding the universe. Brand thinks “They” have laid out a series of rudimentary breadcrumbs (binary messages) and advanced technology (the wormhole) for humans to follow – in order to save ourselves from annihilation.

However, as revealed in Interstellar‘s final act, what NASA postulated was a single alien race is actually two separate but related entities:

1. Future humans who have mastered the laws of our universe – allowing them to manipulate time, space and who can use gravity to transcend both. (I believe these future humans who help Coop at the end of the film are actually, future Coop and future Brand themselves, as Coop and Brand are the only two humans to know present Coop went into the Gargantua)

2. Cooper attempting to communicate with his daughter inside the “Tesseract” – which was built for him by the future humans.

As a result, most of the unexplained phenomena that NASA attributes to the beings are actually actions that Cooper takes in the future (as we follow him through the film). When Cooper sacrifices himself to ensure Plan B, he is caught in Gargantua’s gravitational pull but, instead of dying, ejects from his ship – landing, as previously mentioned, inside The Tesseract (aka the gravitational singularity). A place where the laws of space and time become infinite

Knowing their own past – specifically the events that led to their salvation (and departure from Earth) – it was in fact humans who built the Tesseract at some point far in the future and then, using their advanced knowledge of fifth-dimensional physics, manipulated space-time to place a wormhole the past (where NASA finds it orbiting Saturn).

Since Cooper and Murph are remembered as the saviours of humanity, the fifth-dimensional humans – who can observe past, present, and future – custom-build The Tesseract for Cooper, so that he can communicate with his daughter in the past and relay the data that TARS (the  robot) had collected inside the singularity.

To that end, the Tesseract is a filter that translates the fifth dimension into three-dimensions (tuned into Murph’s room) – allowing Cooper to make sense of it and allowing him to visit his daughter at any point in time (and “shake” Amelia’s hand during the initial launch).

No doubt, time-travel die-hards will debate whether the plot results in an unexplained paradox (how did future humans first survive to make a Tesseract – given that there would have been no Tesseract to save them) but Nolan leaves that particular detail up for debate.

But how can a future humans manipulate space time? And how does Cooper plan to time-travel back to Amelia at the end of the film?

michael-caine-interstellar, movie-review-world

Time, Space & Relativity (In The Film) Explained

Interstellar is based on the ideas of theoretical physicist Kip Thorne – specifically the notion that while we observe the universe in three dimensions, there could be at least five dimensions. In certain theories, it is posited that certain forces (in this case gravity) bleed through dimensions – meaning that, based on Newton’s Laws, what we perceive as a finite calculation could actually have infinite implications.

The concept is outright exemplified in the first planet that the Endurance team visits. In general, time on our side of the wormhole moves faster than time in the uncharted side. Due to close proximity with gravitational anomalies from a nearby Gargantua, time on the other side is exponentially slower – relative to the distance between an object and Gargantua’s gravitational pull. As a result, time on Miller’s planet moves significantly slower: for every hour that the team spends on the water planet, seven years pass back home – a primary reason that Cooper is motivated to get off the planet as soon as possible (even before they realize it’s a death trap). Cooper knows that three hours on planet’s surface will cost him decades of time with his family.

As Amelia suggests, the effect of gravity from Gargantua was to blame for the Endurance team’s unfortunate visit to Miller’s planet in the first place – since what they perceived as years of positive beacon readings were actually mere minutes for Miller (who was killed by a wave moments after she landed).

The concept is further hammered home when, following the mission, Amelia and Cooper reunite with Romilly, who stayed behind on the Endurance to gather data (far from Gargantua) – and, in the three hours his team was gone, has lived twenty-three full years alone without them. Similarly, the crew receives video messages from back home and we see that Cooper’s children, Tom and Murph have also aged – now full grown adults (played by Casey Affleck and Jessica Chastain).

coop and murph on farm in interstellar, -movie-review-world

As the team moves farther from the Gargantua, the disproportion in space-time reduces – meaning that when they arrive at Mann’s planet, there’s significantly less urgency (though the once brave astronaut has been twisted by his longer stretch of time alone).

A tangible effect of gravity on space-time is also responsible for Cooper’s ability to communicate with young Murph when inside the Tesseract. Inside the machine, gravity bleeds through to other dimensions in time and space, allowing Cooper to spell out a message (“S-T-A-Y”) by pushing books off of Murph’s shelf – or communicate map coordinates to the past version of himself by spreading dust across the floor (in binary code). Most importantly, the fifth-dimensional communication through gravity (made visible by three-dimensional objects back on Earth) enables Cooper to gently manipulate the hands on Murph’s watch – transferring the data that TARS acquired and converted into morse code. Subsequently, translating that coded data gives Murph all the information she needs to drastically advance humanity’s understanding of space and time  – as well as complete Plan A.(launching the space-station to habit the remaining humans residing on the dying earth)

As for how Cooper survives his time inside the Tesseract, and how he intends to reunite with Amelia? Nolan simply reapplies the same theory that has been present the entire film. Given that time moves slower near the gravity pull of the black hole, Cooper’s ejection from the Tesseract is only seconds for him, but over half a century for the rest of humanity. Keep in mind, if the ratio of time on Miller’s planet was 1 hour for every 7 years on Earth, the proportion would be skewed exponentially at the absolute centre of the Tesseract singularity. As a result, while it appears to Earthbound humans that TARS and Cooper have been floating out in space for nearly ninety years, they were actually only out there for mere seconds as they perceived it.

The disproportionate relativity allows Cooper to survive and reunite with Murph – who, living on the faster moving side of the wormhole, is now over one-hundred years old. Knowing that Cooper has nothing left to live for in a post-Earth existence (since his son Tom is presumed dead and Murph will soon join him), Murph reminds her father that, through the wormhole, Amelia is just beginning to set-up Plan B on Edmonds’ planet. At the same time, it is revealed that even though Edmonds’ planet is actually habitable, (Brand is seen with her helmet off meaning breathable air) the astronaut himself did not survive the landing – leaving Amelia alone at the colonization site.

Using a reversal of the film’s primary relativity theory, Cooper hops into a ship, with the knowledge that even though nearly one hundred years have passed since the Endurance first set out, time on the other side of the wormhole is moving much slower – meaning that a second trip should allow him to reunite with Amelia on Edmonds’ planet only a short time after Cooper first sacrificed himself and dropped into the singularity. We don’t actually see the reunion, so Cooper’s actual fate is left up to some interpretation, but there’s reason to be optimistic that he reaches Amelia and helps ready the colony for humankind.

Astrophysicist Neil DeGrasse Tyson Explains Space Time Dimensions

Conclusion

As we see that the third planet Brand lands on is habitable, we can assume she has put Plan B into action, with those fertilized human embryos. This means Brand and the human embryos are in fact “They” (future race of humans who created the wormhole and placed the tesseract inside Gargantua for Coop). The only human to know that Cooper had gone into Gargantua, would be Brand. That is where Nolan’s non-linear style comes into play. because the very end of the movie (last shot of Brand) is actually the beginning for it all.

In the end, Interstellar is a film about heading off into the unknown. Interstellar’s conclusion is not whether Cooper and Amelia reunite (though it’s possible that they will). But rather Cooper’s departure to find Amelia, illustrates what Prof. Brand regularly suggested by way of poet Dylan Thomas: “Do not go gentle into that good night, old age should burn and rage at close of day. Rage, rage against the dying of the light.” Basically, it is saying, humanity is at its best when it throws itself passionately into the unknown – in search of love (another major theme) and discovery.

interstellar-wormhole, movie-review-world

 

Here is the INTERSTELLAR TIMELINE fully explained

Note: The Worm Hole that the Endurance team travel through at the beginning of the film should not to be confused with Gargantua – the super black hole Coop enters at the end  of the film, where the tesseract awaits – as the picture explains.

interstellar-timeline-explained, movie-review-world

Click here for Movie Review World’s Interstellar Film Review

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Despite my 9-5 being consumed by the daily duties of an Electrician, Movie Review World serves as a platform for me to share my thoughts, explorations and reflections on one of my biggest passions, film.



32 Responses to Interstellar Explained

  1. Mate, this is absolute genius. Thank you so much. It’s a detailed yet really easy to understand explanation.

    However, answer me this: does Casey Affleck really name his kid Cooper Cooper?

    • Allan Brown says:

      Thanks buddy, I cant take all the credit though.

      Haha, Yup, Cooper Cooper. Im sure Tom declares in one of the video messages to his dad that he wanted to call his first son Cooper but his wife said no. He then say’s something alone the lines of she wont fight me on the next one though. So yeah, it seem the little fella was unfortunate enough to be called Cooper Cooper. Poor bastard 😛

      • RSidd1993 says:

        I’m sure it was Coop Cooper. Or was it Cooper and everyone called him Coop as a nickname? Cuz even in the messages, Tom says he’d be naming the next one Coop if Lois allowed.

        • Allan Brown says:

          Coup is shortened from Cooper, so even if the child was called Coup Cooper, his full name would be Cooper Cooper. A life of ridicule awaits the young nipper 😛

  2. jimbob0802 says:

    I’ve never done as much reading up on a film as I have for this one. There was a really good piece in the Independent…but this, this explains it all! Top top effort…thanks a lot for your help in my quest for understanding!

  3. jimbob0802 says:

    p.s. what happened to the other ten astronauts?

    • Allan Brown says:

      As far as I can remember, only 3 astronauts were transmitting a beacon signal to say the planets their were habitable, therefore we can assume the other astronauts either did not survive, or their planets were not suitable.

  4. Anand says:

    Killer stuff here. Specially the part where “They” could actually be Brand and the embryos. Makes much more sense now.

  5. Vansa says:

    Great post! One question though..how do quantum equations about gravity get coded into a watch? In Morse Code? And after the Tesseract closes, wouldn’t the watch stop ticking?

    • Allan Brown says:

      Yes Coop uses the stings of gravity to manipulate the dials on the watch to represent Morse Code.

      By the time the Teseract closes, Coop has already changed the course of history. He was inside Gargantua for mere minutes manipulating the watch, but on earth some 70 years or so have passed giving Murph much time to decipher it and save the human race.

  6. Cecil says:

    Hey Allan, Why was the wormhole built that far from the earth? It could have been built even closer. Any thing on this?

    • Allan Brown says:

      Only Nolan and Kip Thorne know that one for now. Perhaps it was something to do with the variables, maybe Saturn’s gravitational pull was just right, who knows?

  7. Wolf says:

    Maybe I’m miscounting but wasn’t there a fifth member of the crew of the endurance? And if so what happened to them?

  8. amish says:

    Your explanations are pretty good. What i find intriguing is that Coop just happened to fall out of the tesseract and find his way through the worm hole, to be found floating around near saturn.

    Both these situations imply really, really small probabilities being overcome. Hell of a concept.

    • Allan Brown says:

      Coop was in the singularity of the Teseract where time would be at an almost standstill compared with earth. So…For Coop, while to him he was only there for a few seconds, people on earth would have been looking for what must have been decades and with their technology now advanced thanks to Coop and TARS’ data, I think the finding of Coop is perfectly feasible. Also its not the WormHole he falls through on the return, its Gargantua the huge Black Hole.

  9. Vox.Zeit says:

    My interpretation and random thoughts, spoilers…

    Murphy’s law: anything that can happen, will happen. This may be an indication towards the quantum mechanics theory of many worlds: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Many-worlds_interpretation

    This simply means that our daily actions, our free will, creates multiple realities, multiple branches of existence, many worlds, multiverses.

    You could for instance be served tea and coffee, and elect with your free will to choose coffee; however, in an alternate branch, you picked tea. This creates two realities or branches. Hence, every action, every invocation of our free will leads to a creation of new a branch of parallel existence, leading to possibly infinite branching like a fractal.

    This choice making ability, this free will, which creates multiple braches of reality, can be illustrated as follows: http://rosettacode.org/mw/images/a/a3/F … ee_bbc.gif

    In one branch, humanity suffers blight, the Earth is dying and extinction looms. In another branch, humanity has progressed, evolved and transcended above space and time.

    The transcended humanity, or referred to as “they”, are able to traverse time as a physical dimension.

    Like normal humanity, “they” are able to travel through space backwards and forwards, and in all other directions. However, the difference is that “they” can also travel to events in time whether backwards or forwards.

    This time-travel is not a literal one whereby previous events can be altered creating paradoxes. Rather, all events which can happen, have happened. Murphy’s law from this perspective has happened, not will happen.

    All possible potential branches of reality have occurred. All events across space and time as observable by “they” have already occurred, and are available for “they” to traverse; “they” are able to observe all branches.

    Since all possible events or outcomes, or branches of humanity are available for “they” to traverse, this implies that branching is in fact finite and not infinite. Therefore, normal humanity experiences limited free will as opposed to unlimited free will; i.e. choices are limited even though a certain route branches to transcending space and time.

    Since the branching of humanity and creation of many worlds is limited and finite, and since blight is threatening to destroy an entire branch of creation, “they”, decide to rescue normal humanity to ensure the continued branching of many worlds.

    Why would “they” want to create branching / many worlds?

    Well, “they” are humanity which stemmed from normal humanity in the first place from an earlier branch. Perhaps “love is the one thing that transcends space and time” and “they” desire to love?

    Perhaps “they” feel being alone and one is lonely —perhaps the ‘one’ requires the ‘many’ to express love? Many and one have several themes —many worlds via quantum mechanics, many outcomes explained by Murphy’s law, and quite literally many worlds visited; i.e. Miller/Mann/Edmunds.

    Nature is created and manifested in fractal branching patterns (http://www.miqel.com/fractals_math_patterns/visual-math-natural-fracta ls.html), by ill-executed actions of limited free will, normal humanity threatens destruction of a fractal branch which “they” decide to restore?

    More evolved, “they” have transcended time. If time is transcended, free will cannot exist. If time is a physical dimension which allows “they” to navigate to all events past, present and future; this presupposes all events have already occurred and “they” simply move from event-to-event, from one point in time to another.

    Everything that can happen, has happened. Therefore, “they”, even though evolved, no longer have free will to create further events, thereby are no longer able to create further branches of realities.

    Hence, the fractal branching stops for “they” due to no free will, and the fractal branching in a another route is also stopping due to blight. Perhaps, this is another motivation for “they” to rescue normal humanity to ensure continued evolution?

    But, if “they” have no free will, how are “they” able to create a rescue event? The rescue event is created by “they” in normal humanity’s branch of existence; i.e. placing of wormhole nearby Saturn, and a tesseract nearby/within Gargantua. Normal humanity then devises and pursues plans A and B.

    The tesseract placed in the bulk of normal humanity’s space-time allows Cooper, via gravitational messaging, to interact with normal humanity’s space-time. This interaction is expressed additionally with time as physical dimension on top of normal humanity’s branch so that Cooper is able to traverse and message normal humanity’s space-time events.

    Continued evolution may be a theme: “Mankind was born on Earth, it wasn’t meant to die here” / “We’re explorers, not caretakers” / etc. “Our destiny lies above us” may also elude to predestination, hence themes of free will.

    http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0816692/board/thread/236972302

  10. Denny Lee says:

    i enjoyed the read, but i was wondering when coop falls into the blackhole his perspective would have been what we seen but from doyles perspective he would have froze just before entering the blackhole and instead of dying or moving into the tessaract which happened he would have kinda been alive and dead at the same time? now would he have been truly alive and dead at the same time even if doyle wasnt looking at him?

  11. deed says:

    great article, nicely explained. but would you explain the morse code in watch’s ticking. i know cooper manipulated the gravity near the watch to change its ticking, but he did so only once. so the question is how it kept on ticking the code more than once, even after murph removed the watch from its original position of manipulated gravity?

    • Allan Brown says:

      Kip Thornes complex book: ‘The Science of Interstellar’ explains it way better than I ever could, but ill give it a shot. Just like when Coop is seen thumping the books over and over again in his world (the tesseract) creating a backward-in-time gravitational wave, which in turn (and with enough force) causes the books to fall off Murphs shelve (in her world). The same thing happens with the watch. By the time Coop receives the quantum data from TARS he has mastered this means of communication, and again using the backward-in-time gravitational force, he manipulates the second hand of the watch to communicate in a morse-encoded pattern, the quantum data needed to put Plan A into effect. The tesseract stores the twitching pattern in Coops world (the tesseract) so it repeats over and over again, so when Murph returns to her bedroom 30 years later, she finds the watch still twitching, kinda like an M.C Escher drawing. As Coop in the tesseract has access to a 5 dimensional world, the fact the watch is moved from its original position in its 3 dimensional world (Earth), does not effect the twitching of the hand. Coops manipulation of the books and watch is a gravitational wave or signal, kinda like a radio wave i guess, so will continue to twitch forever more.

      • deed says:

        thank you for your fast reply allan, this kind of clears up a lot. i think i will read this kip thorne’s book to understand this complicated concept of 5-d tesseract. the fact that it is imaginary and made-up concept makes it tough to understand what kind of laws and physical phenomina governs tesseract.

        • Allan Brown says:

          Kip Thorne is an American theoretical physicist most commonly known for his contributions in gravitational physics and astrophysics. He is a good friend and colleague of Stephen Hawking and Carl Sagan, and was Professor of Theoretical Physics at the California Institute of Technology, until his retirement in 2009. Furthermore, he is the man behind Interstellar. He is the person who conceptualised the story (although it did change a lot from when Spielberg was onboard and then Nolan), and he was a producer and scientific advisor throughout the production. His job was to weave science fiction into science fact and therefore nearly all that is seen on-screen, is based on the laws of science that we know today thanks to people like Kip, Hawking, Newton, Einstein ect ect. The book is an excellent read, but for the uninitiated (like me), some of science can be hard to grasp at first. Good luck

  12. Teresa G says:

    For reasons unknown, I think I understand everything about the wormhole and Tesseract discussion. My question is about Brand and the embryos. Was she expected to implant and birth the next human race?Or do the other humans on Saturn with Murph ( in her late years), travel through the wornmhole to meet up with Brand? It is true that it had only been a day since Brand got to Edmunds planet but it was 67 years of so for Coop, but the humans on the Saturn station could travel there and meet up with Brand on her next day?

    • Allan Brown says:

      Hi Teresa, thanks for stopping by. Ill try to answer each of your questions individually as best I can.
      1. The human race that were left behind on Earth seen at the end of the film, are on ‘Copper Station’. This was the NASA laboratories at the beginning of the film which was also shown to be one giant centrifugal designed host the population of earth in space. The data decoded by TARS and relayed to Murph from Cooper in the tesseract, allowed Murph to harness gravity which in in turn made the launching of the centrifugal space station possible, and indeed save earth’s remaining population.
      2. With regards to the embryos, Brand states that the first batch of 10 will be grown (in what would be presumably be synthetic wombs) which she would raise. There after, artificial insemination id imagine. She also states, within 10 years they would have a population of over 100.
      3. Presumably, Earth’s remaining population will indeed meet up with Brand if the Wormhole is still present. Remember Coops re-appearance has only just happened – in Earth time.
      4. When the tesseract closed with Coop inside the Gargantua’s singularity, he was sent through space and time at high speed, coming out where it all began (remember he touches Brands hand while on route), near Saturn which is where he is found. Also, as Edumunds planet is further away from the Gargantua’s huge gravitational pull, time would not move so slow, unlike Miller’s planet. So, it can be calculated that virtually no time at all has passed at all from when Coop said his goodbyes to Brand. This is why Coop jumps into a ship at the end of the film, to be reunited with Brand.

  13. Saurav says:

    Let me ask this straight, how did the single word “STAY” solve the whole gravity equation by murph? Why did cooper code the location of NASA from the tesseract? why just NASA, what was to do with NASA? How did cooper meet murph after his tesseract escape ? And what would have happened if coop stayed with murph instead of leaving for the mission? Because if he would have stayed back on earth, cooper communicating from the tesseract with murph scenario would not have happened, am I getting it right?

  14. Joseph says:

    Another little hint to the plan b creators of the tesseract that i have not read anyone pick up on is that love is essential for coopers mission in the tesseract. What the tesseract is is a brute force representation of every second in the history of a single room of a single house in human history. The number of possibilities of spacetime moments for just that one room, however are way too immense for any intelligence to pinpoint the correct 3 instances that coop needs to communicate everything to murph and his younger self.

    Its only coops love that can “transcend space and time” that is able to find the right moments. Remember this was brandts idea about love and space and time and we can infer that her plan b offspring were developing her ideas when making the tesseract.
    There is no reason to assume that future humans become different dimensional beings also by the way. Only that they have increased technology to the point where they can construct time as a physical dimension in a structure and monitor it and create worm holes and other things.
    Also, you have to assume plan a humans came at some point to meet them and help with their advanced theories on gravitation. But cooper and brandt laid out the ideas and plans to save humanity in the past.
    Of course this is circular, but this shouldnt cause problems for people either becuase if time travel is possible at all than it implies that causation like time is not linear. So the “future” can affect the “past” in the same way that the past affects the future

  15. Steve says:

    Allan,

    I’ve watched this movie twice already and may revisit it yet again after reading your summary. It was a great summary and answered many of my questions. Thanks!

    Still…
    Near the beginning you comment “By the time that Cooper reunites with Prof. Brand, NASA has already sent thirteen astronauts through the wormhole “. What prior relationship existed between Cooper and Dr Brand? How is the “crash” that Cooper dreamt about related to the storyline (or this prior relationship)? Also, was the drone meant to provide insight about Cooper’s true background?

  16. Jennifer says:

    Wait- everything here makes sense but one thing. When cooper is in the black hole, the robot informs him that the “5th dimensional beings” have closed the wormhole. Therefore, there’s no way for Cooper to reach Amelia (after Murphy dies) because the wormhole has, in fact, closed. Because it’s a wormhole, the planets could be billions of galaxys away, so even with the time change thing Cooper won’t reach the planet until Amelia has died. Therefore my question is; how can Cooper reach Amelia since the wormhole is closed?

  17. Vaughn Kavon says:

    I have a much simpler idea about the “worm hole” although I do much more enjoy the “time/space” aspect of it because it seems a lot more fun.
    It seems to me that the “actual” phenomena that many persons have postulated is a space time event is merely a simple observable phenomena similar to a fabric rotating in a dryer. As the fabric is going through the tumbling and heat process it will often times turn inside out completely. Think of a tube shaped fabric. The motion (circular) and the temperature (heat) are changing the fabric as it gains buoyancy, thus causing the fabric to turn in onto it self. Why can’t we see into it ? It’s just too far away.

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